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Graf Isolan
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Seite: 41, Zeilen: 2-13
Quelle: Durrant and Sathar 2000
Seite(n): 5, Zeilen: 5 ff.
4 Theoretical Constructs of Women’s Status and Work

Theoretical and empirical literature supports the view that women’s status is multidimensional in nature because a woman’s status comprises multiple characteristics of the woman, and her relationship with others. It is impossible to capture the influence and understand women’s status through a single measure. Dimensions including but not limited to freedom of movement access to financial and non-financial resources, decision-making autonomy and gender attitude, freedom from fear and coercion and equality in her relationship with her partner are arguably important. (Federici; Mason; Sogner: 1993) Empirical studies of women’s status in South Asia support the multidimensionality and little correlation with each other (Blak [sic]: 1994; Jejeebhoy: Kazi; Sathar: 1996). Moreover, concurrently examining multi-dimensions of women’s status informs us about the pathways through which women’s status operates on demographic outcomes (Mason: 1993/ 1998).


Balk, D., 1994: Individual and community aspects of women’s status and fertility in rural Bangladesh, Population Studies, 48 (1): 21-45.

Federici, N. / Mason, K. / Sogner, S., 1993: Women’s position and demographic change, Oxford UK, Clarendon Press.

Jejeebhoy, S., 1996: Women’s autonomy and reproductive behaviour in India: Linkages and influences of socio-cultural context in comparative perspective on fertility transition in south Asia, Liêg Belgien Vol. 1: 20-27.

Kazi S. / Sather Z., 1996: Explaining fertility in rural Punjab, The role of gender and development, Paper presented at the IUSSP conference on comparative perspective on fertility transition in south Asia, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Mason, K., 1998: Wives economic decision making power in the family: The changing family in comparative perspective Asia and the United States, Honolulu, East West center: 105-133.

Mason, K., 1993: The impact of women’s position on demographic change during the course of development, Oxford UK, Clarendon Press: 19-42.

First, theoretical and empirical literature supports the view that women’s status is multidimensional in nature. Because a woman’s status comprises multiple characteristics of the woman and her relationships with others, it is impossible to capture the influence of and understand women’s status through a single measure. Dimensions including, but not limited to, freedom of movement, access to financial and nonfinancial resources, decisionmaking autonomy, gender attitudes, freedom from fear and coercion, and equality in her relationship with her partner are arguably important but distinct aspects of a woman’s position in relation to men, other family members, and other women (Federici, Mason, and Sogner 1993; Mason 1993). Empirical studies of women’s status in South Asia support this multidimensionality and demonstrate that various aspects of women’s status have different determinants and little correlation with each other (Balk 1994, 1997; Jejeebhoy 1996; Kazi and Sathar 1996; Mason 1998). Moreover, concurrently examining multiple dimensions of women’s status informs us about the pathways through which women’s status operates on demographic outcomes (Mason 1993).

Balk, Deborah. 1994. “Individual and community aspects of women’s status and fertility in rural Bangladesh,” Population Studies 48(1): 21–45.

———. 1997. “Defying gender norms in rural Bangladesh: A social demographic analysis,” Population Studies 51: 153–172.

Federici, Nora, Karen Oppenheim Mason, and Sølvi Sogner. 1993. “Introduction,” in Nora Federici, Karen Oppenheim Mason, and Sølvi Sogner (eds.), Women’s Position and Demographic Change. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, pp. 1–15.

Jejeebhoy, Shireen J. [...]

———. 1996. “Women’s autonomy and reproductive behaviour in India: Linkages and influence of sociocultural context,” in Comparative Perspectives on Fertility Transition in South Asia, vol. 1. Liège, Belgium: IUSSP, pp. 20–27.

Kazi, Shahnaz and Zeba A. Sathar. 1996. “Explaining fertility in rural Punjab: The role of gender and development,” paper presented at the IUSSP conference on Comparative Perspectives on Fertility Transition in South Asia, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 17–19 December.

Mason, Karen Oppenheim. [...]

———. 1993. “The impact of women’s position on demographic change during the course of development,” in Nora Federici, Karen Oppenheim Mason, and Sølvi Sogner (eds.), Women’s Position and Demographic Change. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, pp. 19–42.

———. 1998. “Wives’ economic decision-making power in the family: Five Asian countries,” in Karen Oppenheim Mason, Noriko O. Tsuya, and Minja Kim Choe (eds.), The Changing Family in comparative Perspective: Asia and the United States. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center, pp. 105–133.

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