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Autor     Michel Benaroch / Robert J. Kauffman
Titel    Justifying Electronic Banking Network Expansion Using REal Options Analysis
Zeitschrift    MIS Quarterly
Jahr    2000
Seiten    197-225
URL    https://www.jstor.org/stable/3250936?seq=1, http://faculty.ndhu.edu.tw/~sywang/P6.pdf

Literaturverz.   

no
Fußnoten    no
Fragmente    4


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Svr/Fragment 088 18 - Diskussion
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Benaroch Kauffman 2000, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 88, Zeilen: 18-23
Quelle: Benaroch Kauffman 2000
Seite(n): 209, Zeilen: ricght col., 30 ff.
This paper is based on the assumption that every company today facing the XML/EDI investment decision is the holder of an American deferral option on a dividend-paying asset. The asset underlying this option is the potential stream of revenues from an investment opportunity that will materialize only when a company decides to invest in an XML/EDI project at any given future date, where the dividends are the revenues lost during deferral time. Yankee possessed an American deferral option on a dividend paying asset. The asset underlying this option is the potential stream of revenues from an investment opportunity that will materialize only once Yankee enters the POS debit market any time starting in 1987, where the dividends are the revenues lost during the time Yankee deferred entry into this market.
Anmerkungen

On the next page (p. 89, at the end of the second paragraph and after another reference) there is a reference to Benaroch and Kauffman (1999), but this is not listed in the bibliography of the dissertation.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann


[2.] Svr/Fragment 088 28 - Diskussion
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BauernOpfer, Benaroch Kauffman 2000, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr

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Quelle: Benaroch Kauffman 2000
Seite(n): 210, Zeilen: left col., 25 ff.
The option value in this case is embedded in the possibility for any firm today to resolve some of the uncertainties concerning the adoption of the XML/EDI standard. A firm could passively observe the standard evolving and being applied [in the industry, and could actively try to lower the risk of expected revenues by preparing for an XML/EDI investment project at a future time.] The option value stemmed from Yankee's belief that it could resolve some of the uncertainties concerning acceptance of POS debit services. [...] Yankee could passively observe how the POS debit business evolved in other parts of the country and it could actively try to lower the risk of expected revenues (e.g., lobby for a change in Massachusetts' law).
Anmerkungen

The fragment continues on the next page.

No source is given here.

On the next page (p. 89, at the end of the second paragraph and after another reference) there is a reference to Benaroch and Kauffman (1999), but this is not listed in the bibliography of the dissertation.

Sichter
(Schumann), WiseWoman


[3.] Svr/Fragment 089 01 - Diskussion
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BauernOpfer, Benaroch Kauffman 2000, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr

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Seite: 89, Zeilen: 1-10
Quelle: Benaroch Kauffman 2000
Seite(n): 209, 210, Zeilen: 209: right col., 39 ff.; 210: left col., 3 ff., 15 ff., 32 ff.
[A firm could passively observe the standard evolving and being applied] in the industry, and could actively try to lower the risk of expected revenues by preparing for an XML/EDI investment project at a future time.

This deferral option is obtained at no direct cost. Dixit and Pindyck (1994) believe that a company could obtain a deferral option at no cost if it faces no credible competitive threat of loosing the deferred investment opportunity. In the case of monopoly the only cost of deferring is the opportunity cost of delaying the entry. In cases other than monopoly, things are somewhat different. Full benefits of the option, exists for the market leader among two or more competitors. In the case of no market leader, all firms have the option, but only the first mover will enjoy full benefits. [Benaroch and Kauffman (1999) believe that this is the case for duopoly, I would rather extend it to any market structure other than monopoly.]


Dixit, A.K. & Pindyck, R.S. 1994, Investment under Uncertainty, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

[page 210, left col., 32 ff.]

Yankee could passively observe how the POS debit business evolved in other parts of the country and it could actively try to lower the risk of expected revenues (e.g., lobby for a change in Massachusetts' law).

[page 209, right col., 39 ff.]

Unlike a financial option that is purchased for a cash fee, Yankee obtained its deferral option at no direct cost. Generally, a firm can obtain a deferral option at no cost if it faces no credible competitive threat of losing the deferred investment opportunity (Dixit and Pindyck 1994). This is clearly true in the case of a monopoly. In case of a duopoly, the option exists for the "leader" among two competitors who made

[page 210, left col., 3 ff., 15 ff.]

indirect investments in building up, over time, managerial competencies, reputation, IT infrastructure, etc.; if there is no clear leader, both firms may have the option, but only the first mover would enjoy its full benefits. [...] Hence, as far as project valuation decision-making is concerned, Yankee's only option cost was the opportunity cost of delaying entry-the revenues lost during the deferral period-and a negligible opportunity cost borne by the slim risk of losing the investment opportunity to NYCE (which, counter to expectations, might act earlier than expected).


Dixit, A. K., and Pindyck, R. S. Investment Under Uncertainty, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1994.

Anmerkungen

This fragment continues from the previous page.

The actual source is not given.

A short reference Benaroch and Kauffman (1999) can be found at the end of this passage, but is not listed in the bibliography of the dissertation.

Despite these shortcomings this can be regarded as some sort of reference to the actual source. The fragment is categorized as a Bauernopfer (pawn sacrifice) because the source refers only to the last sentence in brackets without any indication that the text above it is taken from that source as well.

Sichter
(Schumann), WiseWoman


[4.] Svr/Fragment 111 09 - Diskussion
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Benaroch Kauffman 2000, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 111, Zeilen: 9-14
Quelle: Benaroch Kauffman 2000
Seite(n): 209, Zeilen: right col., 30 ff.
I supposed that every company today facing the XML/EDI investment decision is the holder of an American deferral option on a dividend-paying asset. The asset underlying this option is the potential stream of revenues from an investment opportunity that will materialize only when a company decides to invest in an XML/EDI project at any given future date, where the dividends are the revenues lost during deferral time. Yankee possessed an American deferral option on a dividend paying asset. The asset underlying this option is the potential stream of revenues from an investment opportunity that will materialize only once Yankee enters the POS debit market any time starting in 1987, where the dividends are the revenues lost during the time Yankee deferred entry into this market.
Anmerkungen

No source is given.

Final page of the "Conclusion"-section. See also p. 89.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann



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