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Autor     Tim Weitzel / Peter Buxmann / Falk v. Westarp
Titel    A Communication Architecture for the Digital Economy 21st century EDI
Sammlung    Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Jahr    2000
URL    https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/926841 - https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/6709/proceeding

Literaturverz.   

yes (Weitzel, T. & Buxmann, P. 1999, A communication architecture for the digital

economy: 21st century EDI)

Fußnoten    yes
Fragmente    7


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[1.] Svr/Fragment 031 12 - Diskussion
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Open standards in general and XML in particular will play a major role in emerging electronic marketplaces. So far, there was no ubiquitous way of describing data, e.g. on websites or for heterogeneous applications, in a commonly understandable way. There was no universal data format. XML has the potential, especially in combination with Java, to be the data format of choice to enable the next step in the evolution of Electronic Data Interchange [in particular, and e-commerce in general.] But we are quite convinced that open standards in general and the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) in particular will play a major role in emerging electronic marketplaces. So far, there was no ubiquitous way of describing data, e.g. on websites or for heterogeneous applications, in a commonly understandable way. There was no universal data format. XML, proposed by the World Wide Web Consortium in February of 1998, has the potential, especially in combination with Java, to be the data format of choice to enable the next step in the evolution of EDI [1].

[1] Bosak, J.: XML, Java and the future of the Web, October, 3rd, http://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/suninfo/standards/xml/why/xmlapps.ps.zip

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[2.] Svr/Fragment 032 01 - Diskussion
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[Eventually, XML’s ability to separate structure from content is expected to contribute to the] emergence of open markets with non-proprietary XML interfaces being the foundation of business-to-business communication. Eventually, XML’s ability to separate structure from meaning is expected to contribute to the emergence of open markets with non-proprietary XML interfaces being the foundation of business- to-business communication.
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[3.] Svr/Fragment 043 26 - Diskussion
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What is wrong with traditional EDI? Since the late 1960s, especially large enterprises have been using Electronic Data Interchange to expedite the exchange of business documents such as sales orders, invoices etc. In contrast to paper-based communication, EDI is designed to make communication between [different systems possible without media discontinuities.] But, as one might ask, what is wrong with traditional EDI? Since the late 1960s, especially large enterprises have been using Electronic Data Interchange to expedite the exchange of business documents such as sales orders, invoices etc. In contrast to paper-based communication, EDI is designed to make communication between different systems possible without media discontinuities.
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[4.] Svr/Fragment 044 10 - Diskussion
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[Both the sending and receiving company gains the ability to fully control and audit the end-to-end business transaction,] yielding time advantages and supporting Just-in-time production.

While this is often true for large enterprises, there is another side to EDI. Presumably, nowadays only 2 - 5% of all companies who could benefit from EDI actually use it. Especially small and mid-sized enterprises often name the high costs of implementing and running EDI as dissuading factors, and a current empirical study found pressure from larger business partners to be among the main reasons for the implementation of EDI. Furthermore, many of today’s solutions are platform dependent, meaning additional investments in both, hardware and software. Thus, EDI is predominantly implemented by large firms, preventing the electronic processing of data flowing through entire supply chains in open networks. Generally speaking, traditional EDI lacks the flexibility and efficiency required for state of the art electronic business.

Hailed as a strategic competitive advantage, a look at the literature paints EDI as the „killer application“ for B2B communication, promising cost reductions in the millions, yielding time advantages and supporting Just in Time production [6]. While this is often true for large enterprises, there is another side to EDI. Presumably, nowadays only 5% of all companies who could benefit from EDI actually use it [7]. Especially small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) often name the high costs of implementing and running EDI as dissuading factors, and a current empirical study found pressure from larger business partners (“gun-to-the-head-EDI”) to be among the main reasons for the implementation of EDI [10]. Furthermore, many of today’s solutions are platform dependent, meaning additional investments in both, hardware and software. Thus, EDI is predominantly implemented by large firms, preventing the electronic processing of data flowing through entire supply chains in open networks. Generally speaking, traditional EDI lacks the flexibility and efficiency required for state of the art electronic business.

[6] Emmelhainz, M.: (1993): EDI – A Total Management Guide, 2nd edition, New York

[7] Segev, A./Porra, J./Roldan, M. (1997): Internet-based EDI Strategy, Working Paper 10-21, Fisher Center of Management and Information Technology, University of California Berkeley; http://haas.berkeley.edu/~citm/wp-1021.pdf

[10] Westarp, F. v./Weitzel, T./Buxmann, P./König, W.(1999): The Status Quo and the Future of EDI, in: Proceedings of the 1999 European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS’99)

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[5.] Svr/Fragment 045 17 - Diskussion
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The term Web/EDI, also referred to as Form-based EDI, describes the use of the WWW as the basis for both, EDI applications and the transfer of business documents. The term WebEDI describes the use of the WWW as the basis for both, EDI applications and the transfer of business documents.
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[6.] Svr/Fragment 047 12 - Diskussion
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Web/EDI proves to be a good idea for large companies seeking ways of having their small customers send their data in a standardized format without forcing them to invest large amounts of money (Weitzel et al. 1999b). But in order to procure the exchange of information throughout the entire supply chain, the solutions need to be more flexible. While Web/EDI is a means of integrating small partners into existing sub-networks, the emergence of new electronic marketplaces required the transformation of "supply chains" into "supply Webs".

[...] As opposed to traditional EDI, where communication flows over private Value Added Networks, the Internet is a public network and there are serious security issues to be considered. Although more than 50% of the Fortune1000 enterprises in both, Germany and the U.S. plan to use Web/EDI in the future, it is so far only implemented by 7.4% in Germany and 16.9% in the U.S (Westarp et al.1999).

Questionable security is, by far, the greatest stumbling block to widespread use of the Internet for EDI. Given these considerations, compared to traditional EDI a state of the art Web/EDI solution must meet the following five requirements: (a) lower setup costs and time, (b) reduced operating costs, (c) security, (d) easy integration in in-house systems especially of the smaller partners (clients), and (e) flexibility and extensibility (Weitzel and Buxmann 1999).


Weitzel, T. & Buxmann, P. 1999, A communication architecture for the digital economy: 21st century EDI

Weitzel, T., Buxmann, P., Kronenberg, R., & Ladner, F. 1999b, XML/EDI: The (r)evolution of EDI, Institute of Information Systems, Working Paper 99-10, [Online]. Avaliable: http://www.wiwi.uni-frankfurt.de/~tweitzel/XMLEDI.doc Accessed: October 29 1999.

Westarp, F. V., Weitzel, T., Buxmann, P., & König, W. 1999, “The Status Quo and the Future of EDI”, Proceedings of the 1999 European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS’99), [Online]. Available:
http://caladan.wiwi.uni-frankfurt.de/IWI/projectb3/deu/publikat/edi/index.htm Accessed: October 29 1999.

In this context, form-based EDI proves to be a good idea for large companies seeking ways of having their small customers send their data in a standardized format without forcing them to invest large amounts of money [8]. But in order to procure the exchange of information throughout the entire supply chain, the solutions need to be more flexible. While form-based EDI is a means of integrating small partners into existing sub-networks, the emergence of new electronic marketplaces, or as CommerceOne calls it the transformation of “supply chains” into “supply Webs” [9], requires a greater flexibility, e. g. enabling an easy alteration of transaction content and partners as well as fast and easy integration into in-house systems. Additionally, there are serious security issues to be considered. Although more than 50% of the Fortune1000 enterprises in both, Germany and the U.S. plan to use WebEDI in the future, it is so far only implemented by 7.4% in Germany and 16.9% in the U.S [10]. Questionable security is, by far, the greatest stumbling block to widespread use of the Internet for EDI.

Given these considerations, compared to traditional EDI a state of the art WebEDI solution must meet the following five requirements:

Þ lower setup costs and time,
Þ reduced operating costs,
Þ security,
Þ easy integration in in-house systems especially of the smaller partners (‘clients’) and
Þ flexibility and extensibility.

[8] Weitzel, T./Buxmann, P./Kronenberg, R./Ladner, F. (1999): XML/EDI - the (r)evolution of EDI, Institute of Information Systems WP 99-10, http://www.wiwi.unifrankfurt.de/~tweitzel/XMLEDI.doc

[9] Glushko, R./Tenenbaum, J./Meltzer, B. (1999): An XML Framework for Agent-based E-commerce, in: Communications of the ACM, Vol. 42, No. 3 (March 1999), p. 106-114

[10] Westarp, F. v./Weitzel, T./Buxmann, P./König, W. (1999): The Status Quo and the Future of EDI, in: Proceedings of the 1999 European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS’99)

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[7.] Svr/Fragment 065 06 - Diskussion
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Formerly expensive and inflexible EDI-processes can become manageable for SMEs, too, enabling the next step towards open communication and cooperation networks and supporting the flow of information throughout entire purchasing and supply chains. The use of XML also enables the efficient support of various data formats, including EDI or EDIFACT standards, and different business documents such as orders, invoices or catalogs opening EDI networks to SMEs and enabling more dynamic business partnerships. Using our prototype, formerly expensive and inflexible EDI-processes can become manageable for SMEs, too, enabling the next step towards open communication and cooperation networks and supporting the flow of information throughout entire purchasing and supply chains. The use of XML also enables the efficient support of various data formats, including EDI or EDIFACT standards, and different business documents such as orders, invoices or catalogs opening EDI networks to SMEs and enabling more dynamic business partnerships.
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