Assessing the Impact of XML/EDI with Real Option Valuation

von Dr. Shermin Voshmgir

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[1.] Svr/Fragment 025 02 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2020-05-21 14:51:02 [[Benutzer:|]]
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pitts-Moultis Kirk 1999, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 25, Zeilen: 2-21
Quelle: Pitts-Moultis Kirk 1999
Seite(n): 98, 99, 100, Zeilen: 98: 23 ff.; 99: 16 ff., 31 ff.; 100: 1 ff.
With HTML, one actually has to create pieces of data, parse them down into workable size, and then think ahead to create hyperlinks that will allow users to navigate through the site to the information they need. XML on the other hand does this automatically. Its tree structure, almost like a table of contents, makes it easier for the user to select the data; it also makes it easier for computers to retrieve information. This makes XML a much more sophisticated document management system than HTML. With XSL one can create programming rules for how to pull information out of an XML document and transform it into another format, such as HTML.

PDF versus XML

PDF is an electronic file format which is entirely platform independent and which can be passed around from computer to computer. If users have the Acrobat Reader software or plug-ins installed on their browsers, they can read, search and print the file in the format in which the original designer created it. PDF is basically a display technology. It deals little with document format or structure. XML, on the other hand, is much more capable of handling and managing documents, because it is able to provide structured information that a wide variety of applications can understand. It furthermore allows the user to specify how the document is to be presented, whereas the layout and format of PDF documents is hard coded in the page. (Pitts-Moultis and Kirk, 1999: 99).


Pitts-Moultis, N. & Kirk, C. 1999, XML Black Book: Indispensable Problem Solver, The Coloris Group, Scottsdale, Arizona.

[page 98]

With HTML, you actually have to create chunks of data, parse them down into workable size, and then think ahead to create hyperlinks that will allow users to jump through the site to the information they need. XML, on the other hand, does all this automatically. Its tree structure, almost like a table of contents, not only makes it easier for humans to pick out the data they want, it also makes it easier for computers to snatch the data components they need. These strict structural requirements make XML a much more sophisticated document-management system than HTML.

[page 99]

With XSL, the language used to create style sheets, you can create a collection of programming rules for how to pull information out of an XML document and transform it into another format, such as HTML.

[...]

The electronic file, entirely platform independent, can then be passed around from computer to computer. If users have the Acrobat Reader software or the Acrobat Reader plug-in is installed in their browsers, they can read, search, and print the file in the format in which the original designer created it.

[page 100]

PDF is basically a display technology. It deals little with document format or structure. [...]

XML, on the other hand, is much more capable of handling and managing documents, because it is able to provide structured information that a wide variety of applications can understand. [...] Better still, XML lets you specify how the document is presented, whereas the layout and format of PDF documents is hard-coded in the page.

Anmerkungen

The source is given twice, but it is not made clear that the text is so extensively copied. No quotation marks are used.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann


[2.] Svr/Fragment 025 23 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2020-02-10 17:40:24 [[Benutzer:|]]
Berners-Lee et al 2001, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr, Verschleierung

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Seite: 25, Zeilen: 23-27, 30-32
Quelle: Berners-Lee et al 2001
Seite(n): 42, Zeilen: right col., 18 ff., 40 ff., 47 ff.
Service discovery can happen only when there is a common language to describe a service in a way that lets other agents understand both the function offered and how to take advantage of it. In the current Web, services and agents can advertise their function by, for example, depositing such descriptions in directories analogous to the Yellow Pages. [...]

The Semantic Web, in contrast, is more flexible. The consumer and producer agents can reach a shared understanding by exchanging ontologies, which provide the vocabulary needed for discussion. Semantics also makes it easier to [take advantage of a service that only partially matches a request.]

[page 42]

This process, called service discovery, can happen only when there is a common language to describe a service in a way that lets other agents “understand” both the function offered and how to take advantage of it. Services and agents can advertise their function by, for example, depositing such descriptions in directories analogous to the Yellow Pages.

[...]

The Semantic Web, in contrast, is more flexible. The consumer and producer agents can reach a shared understanding by exchanging ontologies, which provide the vocabulary needed for discussion. [...] Semantics also makes it easier to take advantage of a service that only partially matches a request.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann


[3.] Svr/Fragment 025 27 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2020-01-23 22:19:44 [[Benutzer:|]]
Fragment, Funke 1998, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Svr, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 25, Zeilen: 27-29
Quelle: Funke 1998
Seite(n): online, Zeilen: 0
Many current search engines geared towards HTML markup and search queries offer this feature which focus on text in the URL, title, summary, or first heading, depending on the structure of the document. Many current search engines geared towards HTML markup and search queries offer this feature. [...] Search queries using Open Text can focus on text in the URL, title, summary, or first heading, depending on the structure of the document.
Anmerkungen

No source is given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann



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